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痛心!哭声免疫法致三个月婴儿趴睡闷死?!这种育儿方法早该抛弃

发布时间: 2020-05-06  来源:广东省佛山市妇幼保健院   作者:张国荣 张晓辉

  最近,“三个月大的婴儿活活被闷死”在网络上炸开了锅,缘由是在一个婴儿自主睡眠训练付费群中,有位妈妈发了几段视频,视频中三个月大的婴儿反常大哭、挣扎。她在群里询问宝宝的情况是否要紧,在得到群友们“要训练孩子独立入睡能力”的鼓励后,她决定坚持不理,让宝宝“自我尝试”“ 自我解锁”,几分钟后,婴儿停止了挣扎,没了声息。妈妈欣慰地感谢群友们帮助她的女儿“解锁”了趴睡姿势一个小时后,她准备喂奶才发现宝宝已经窒息多时,口鼻出血,嘴唇变紫,唿吸停止

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yuehan•huasheng

  以上这个婴儿自主睡眠训练付费群采用的育儿理论,是美国心理学家约翰•华生提出的“哭声免疫法” 。“哭声免疫法”早已臭名昭着,被学术界所抛弃。其具体做法就是以上付费育儿群所教的,对小月龄婴儿进行“哭了不抱,不哭才抱”的条件反射训练。哭声免疫法”的理论基础是把孩子当做成人一样对待,要求独立、自主,让妈妈省心省力,不依赖妈妈,养成独立自主的人格。

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唐纳德·伍兹·温尼科特(DonaldWoodsWinni-cott,1896~1971)

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  研究发现:1-6个月的婴儿(绝对依赖期),需要做一个100分的妈妈。

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  6-12个月的孩子(相对依赖期),需要一个80分的妈妈。

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  12-36个月的孩子(相对独立期),这个时候妈妈要进一步撤退,做一个60分的妈妈,给爸爸的介入创造空间。

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  新手妈妈们,现在您知道该怎么做一个“刚刚好的妈妈”了吗?

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